Cystic acne is a severe form of acne in which the skin’s pores become closed, resulting in infection and inflammation. Because of the impact on face appearance, it can be uncomfortable as well as emotionally upsetting.
While there are many different types, sizes, and shapes of pimples, cystic acne is the most severe, and when it comes to treating this difficult acne at home, the regular acne treatment regimen might not assist to make it heal, according to Dr. Zeichner. The majority of people who experience it often go to the dermatologist for a fast cortisone injection to dry it up right away.
Here are the next-best, at-home cystic acne treatments, and advice from top dermatologists for getting rid of those under-the-surface cysts:
1. When you feel that cystic acne is coming, put an ice on it to reduce swelling.
Since cystic acne is deeply embedded beneath the skin, apply an ice cube to the region for a few seconds as soon as you notice it beginning to appear. Nazarian claims that placing an ice cube on a pimple would rapidly reduce its size and redness by constricting the tiny blood veins feeding the cyst. Additionally, Dr. Zeichner advises using ice for ten minutes at a time, three times per hour (10 minutes on, 10 minutes off).
2. Whatever happens, don’t try to squeeze and pop the acne.
Try not to squeeze the pimples, especially if they are cystic, no matter how pleasant it might feel. Dr. Rodney claims that unlike pustules and blackheads, under-the-skin pimples often do not contain a core of dead skin or pus, and that squeezing on a cystic pimple can cause stress and more inflammation, which may result in scarring and skin discoloration.
3. Use different ingredients that work differently and complement each other.
Salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide should be used together, says Dr. Zeichner. When using the latter, he advised priming the skin with a mild moisturizer first to minimize irritation before treating the cyst spot-on with the tiniest possible coating of benzoyl peroxide. He also indicated that to enhance the efficiency of both of these active components for cystic acne elimination, he advises a salicylic acid cleanser, followed by an oil-free moisturizer, finished off with a benzoyl peroxide spot treatment.
4. Use a cleanser with salicylic acid content.
Dr. Zeichner recommends that patients with cystic acne should use cleansers that contain high concentrations of salicylic acid, a beta hydroxy acid (BHA) that helps shrink cystic pimples by removing excess oil, sloughing off dead skin cells, and drying them out.
5. Use an oil-free moisturizer.
According to Dr. Rodney, patients who are prone to cystic breakouts should use oil-free, noncomedogenic moisturizers to hydrate their skin. So choosing a moisturizer that contains ceramides, niacinamide, or hyaluronic acid can be especially helpful. These ingredients help to reduce redness and inflammation and restore the skin’s protective barrier.
6. Use a medicated spot treatment to kill the bacteria.
According to studies, even low doses of benzoyl peroxide are just as effective as greater quantities while causing less skin dryness. Zeichner advises using benzoyl peroxide as a spot treatment since it reduces the amount of bacteria that causes acne on the skin and thus lessens irritation.
If everything else fails, get assistance from your local dermatologist to reduce and manage your cystic acne. Just constantly keep in mind that pricking it will result in major issues.