Blackheads are like irritating pests; the more you try to squeeze them away, the more you will find of them. As satisfying as the squeezing may be, blackheads keep on coming back.
Blackheads, according to Healthline, are tiny, dark lesions that form on the skin, most commonly on the face and neck. They are a characteristic of mild acne, but they can emerge in the absence of other acne symptoms. Blackheads are caused by oxidized melanin rather than trapped dirt. They usually form when hormones cause the glands beneath the skin to produce more sebum, an oily material.
Contrary to common perception, blackheads are not caused by inadequate hygiene. Excessive cleaning in an attempt to remove them might aggravate the situation.
Before we tackle on how to remove them, let us know the factors that can increase the chance of developing blackheads:
🌸Age and hormonal changes
🌸Androgen, the male sex hormone, triggers greater secretion of sebum and a higher turnover of skin cells around puberty.
🌸Overproduction of skin cells by the body
🌸Blocking or covering pores by cosmetics and clothing
🌸Shaving and other activities that open the hair follicles
🌸High humidity and grease in the immediate environment
🌸Some health conditions, such as stress, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
🌸Medications that encourage rapid skin cell turnover
🌸Use of some steroid-based drugs, such as corticosteroids
How do we treat blackheads?
When it comes to treating blackheads, there are two ways you can go: You can DIY at home, or, for more severe or persistent cases, you can see a dermatologist. The best plan of action for you will depend on a lot of different factors, of course, but here are the best solution treatments to look out for, as per dermatologists:
1. Using salicylic acid in mild blackheads
Salicylic acid, according to Dr. Joshua Zeichner, is a beta-hydroxy acid that helps eliminate excess oil and exfoliate skin cells on the surface. The combination of physical exfoliation from the scrub and chemical exfoliation from the salicylic acid can help keep the pores free, resulting in the removal of blackheads.
According to Marchbein, utilizing scrubs on a daily basis is bad for the skin. For oily or mixed skin, the typical rule of thumb is three times per week, and only once per week for sensitive skin. On days when you don’t want to use a scrub, try a light salicylic-acid cleanser instead.
2. Use Retinoid cream for stubborn blackheads
Retinoids, according to Marchbein, can help cure blackheads and blocked pores by lowering the adhesion of the cells that clog them and speeding up the pace at which the skin turns over and regenerates.
3. Ora medications for severe cases
If topical treatments aren’t working, Zeichner says that pharmaceuticals like birth control pills and spironolactone can reduce oil production and efficiently cure blackheads. It will aid in the removal of blackheads and the prevention of new ones in the future. However, according to Zeichner, these medications are designated for patients with moderate to severe acne, not simply the occasional blackhead.
4. Don’t forget to use moisturizer
It is critical to preserve the skin’s equilibrium. A moisturizer is an essential component of any skincare regimen. All of the treatments discussed above have the potential to remove oils from the skin and cause dryness. Moisturizing will allow you to keep utilizing exfoliating goods without any problems.
Blackheads do not indicate that you are filthy or that you are not cleansing your face properly. Some have a genetic component, which means that certain people are predisposed to developing them, albeit the underlying cause is unknown. Stop squeezing your persistent blackheads because doing so will make things worse and has no guarantee that the problem will go away. The original problem will just be doubled.